## Maxwell distribution law

November 11th, 2016

Maxwell  distribution law of velocities of the molecules has the form: $f(v)=(\frac{m_0}{2\pi kT})^\frac{3}{2}exp(-\frac{m_0 v^2)}{2 kT}) 4 \pi v^2$ (1)

This distribution allows us to determine the mean speed, the mean square speed, and the most probable speed of the gas molecules.

Let’s find the mean speed by formula (2): $\langle v \rangle=\int_{0}^{\infty} vf(v)dv$ (2)

Using the table integral for  (2), we obtain: $\langle v \rangle=\sqrt \frac {8kT}{\pi m_0}$  (3)

Let’s find the mean square speed by formula (4): $\langle v^2 \rangle=\int_{0}^{\infty} v^2f(v)dv$ (4)

Using the table integral for (4), we obtain: $\langle v^2 \rangle=\sqrt\frac {3kT}{\ m_0}$    (5)

Let’s find the most probable speed from condition (6): $\frac{df(v)}{dv}=0$  (6)

We obtain from (6): $v_p=\sqrt\frac {2kT}{\ m_0}$    (7)

(The information has been taken from the e-book «Fundamentals of classical physics” (author V.D. Shvets), which was published in 2007 by “1C-Multimedia Ukraine” publishing company. Copyright is reserved by certificate Number 55955 from 06.08.2014. More information can be found at https://ipood-kiev.academia.edu/ValentynaShvets/Books ).

Task 1. Knowing the distribution function of the molecules by velocities in some molecular volume: $f(v)=cexp(-\frac{m_0 v^2)}{2 kT}) v^3$. Find the normalization constant; the expression for the most probable velocity; the expression for the average velocity.

Buy the solution for 3 euros: Task 2. Define the part of the molecules with velocities different from $2v_p$ not more than 1%.

Buy the solution for 1 euro: Task 3. Hydrogen is in under normal conditions and occupies volume $V=1 cm^3$. Define the number $\Delta N$ of molecules in this volume with a velocity less than some value $v_{max}=1\frac{m}{s}$.
Buy the solution for 3 euros: Task 4. Find the probability that this molecule of gas has a velocity different from $0.5 v_p$, not more than 1%.

Buy the solution for 1 euro: Task 5. Find an expression for the most probable kinetic energy $\langle \varepsilon_k \rangle$ of the motion of molecules.

Buy the solution for 1 euro: (The tasks have been taken from the book «Elements of Statistical Physics” (author V.D. Shvets), which was published in 2002 by “The University Ukraine” publishing house. This book has Recommendation of Ministry Education of Ukraine № 44 from 14.01.1999. More information can be found at https://ipood-kiev.academia.edu/ValentynaShvets/Books)